Monthly Archives: June 2012

Some facts about sleep!

Lately, I was reading about sleep, so I thought why not to Post something about it as well. So, here I’m with another doctoricious post!

 About sleep, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala mentioned in the Holy Quran that “Among His signs is sleep” (30:23) and “and made your sleep for rest” (78:9).

Essentially, sleep is important to the body functioning, promoting bodily rest and rejuvenation in the neurons and other cells that are replaced or repaired during times of sleep. Sleep has also been proposed to conserve energy, detoxify the brain, control thermoregulation within the brain, and consolidate  the memory.

While sleeping, a person goes through stages of two types of sleep that alternate with each other. They are called

(1) slow-wave sleep, in which the brain waves are strong and of low frequency,  and

(2) rapid eye movement sleep (REM sleep), in which the eyes undergo rapid movements despite the fact that the person is still asleep.

Most part of the sleep is of slow-wave variety; which is deep, restful sleep and is experienced by a person during the first hour of sleep REM sleep, on the other hand, occurs in episodes that occupy about 25% of the sleep time in young adults; each episode normally recurs about every 90 minutes. This type of sleep is not so restful, and it is usually associated with vivid dreaming.

Non-REM sleep

Further divided into four stages.

Stage one: Light Sleep

During the first stage of sleep, we’re half awake and half asleep. Our muscle activity slows down and slight twitching may occur. This is a period of light sleep, meaning we can be awakened easily at this stage.

Stage two: True Sleep

Within ten minutes of light sleep, we enter stage two, which lasts around 20 minutes. The breathing pattern and heart rate start to slow down. This period accounts for the largest part of human sleep.

Stages three and four: Deep Sleep

During stage three, the brain begins to produce delta waves, a type of wave that is large (high amplitude) and slow (low frequency). Breathing and heart rate are at their lowest levels.

Stage four is characterised by rhythmic breathing and limited muscle activity.

REM Sleep:

Bouts of REM sleep lasting 5 to 30 minutes usually appear on the average every 90 minutes. When the person is extremely sleepy, each bout of REM sleep is short and may even be absent. Conversely, as the person becomes more rested through the night, the durations of the REM bouts increase. 

Although we are not conscious, the brain is very active – often more so than when we are awake. This is the period when most dreams occur. Our eyes dart around (hence the name), our breathing rate and blood pressure rise. However, our bodies are effectively paralysed, said to be nature’s way of preventing us from acting out our dreams.

After REM sleep, the whole cycle begins again.

So why do we sleep??!!
Well, its not exactly known but there are many theories that are proposed regarding this, which I am enlisting below.
  1. Inactive theory: suggest that inactivity at night is protective to harm to the animals from the predators, also called adaptive/evolutionay theory
  2. Energy Conservative theory: suggests that the primary function of sleep is to reduce an individual’s energy demand and expenditure during part of the day or night, especially at times when it is least efficient to search for food.
  3. Restorative theory: suggests that sleep in some way serves to “restore” what is lost in the body while we are awake. Sleep provides an opportunity for the body to repair and rejuvenate itself.
  4. Brain plasticity theory: suggests that sleep is correlated to changes in the structure and organization of the brain – phenomenon known as plasticity.
  5. Consolidation of memory: episodic memory is converted into long term memory.
  • Previously, its thought that sleep is a time when your body and brain shut down for rest and relaxation but we know that in REM sleep brain is highly active, secretion of some hormones and memory is also consolidated, besides, brain is the regulatory organ which is never completely shut down!
  • Also its thought that Nap is a waste of time but researches reveals they can be restorative and help counter some of the impaired performances during the day.
——
Sleep and Memory: 
So, this part is most fascinating about sleep.
Scientist hypothesized that the memory is converted in long term memory during sleep 🙂
Scientists hypothesized that REM sleep played an essential role in the acquisition of learned material, both declarative  and procedural memory. 
Researchers now hypothesize that slow-wave sleep (SWS), which is deep, restorative sleep, also plays a significant role in declarative memory by processing and consolidating newly acquired information.
Sleep is very important before taking exams, the saying goes, “Rest is best for the test” 
as sleep plays its role in consolidating whatever we have learned and refreshes us as well.
the potential ramification of sleep deprivation, you can see in the below illustration
**YAWN* *YAWN*
Now on a lighter note, Do you know the amount of sleep required by the average person ??!!
A question to check whether you’re still awake while reading it or not!! Do answer to let me know! 😀
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Peer-e-Kamil (صلی اللہ علیہ و آلہ و سلم) – The Perfect Mentor

Below, I am quoting few lines from a novel called Peer-e-Kamil (صلی اللہ علیہ و آلہ و سلم), which are my Personal favorite!

‘In life, at sometime or another we come to a point where all relationships cease—where there is only us and Allah. There are no parents, brother or sister, or any friend. Then we realise that there is no earth under us nor is there sky above, but only Allah who is supporting us in this emptiness. Then we realise our worth – it is not more than a grain of sand or the leaf of a plant. Then we realise our existence is only confined to our being. Our demise makes not a whit of difference to the world around us, nor to the scheme of things.’
‘We come to our senses; we understand our utter insignificance.’

“Some are born virtuous, some become virtuous. To be good by nature is indeed fortunate but to become good is like walking on a double-edged sword; it takes a longer time and is more painful.”

“Sometimes in our lives we do not know whether we have emerged from darkness into light or if we are entering into the dark—the direction is unknown. But one can differentiate, in any case, between the earth and the sky. When you raise your head, it is the sky above; and when you lower it, it is the earth below—whether or not it is visible.”

 I have read this novel in urdu, two years back… But now its english translation is also available!
Personally I feel – “Jo baat Urdu main hai, wo kisi aur main kahan” 😀
 —–
for urdu: see comments 🙂

Today’s reminder!

Narrated Anas: A man asked the Prophet about the Hour (i.e. Day of Judgment) saying, “When will the Hour be?” The Prophet said, “What have you prepared for it?” The man said, “Nothing, except that I love Allah and His Apostle.” The Prophet said, “You will be with those whom you love.” We had never been so glad as we were on hearing that saying of the Prophet (i.e., “You will be with those whom you love.”) Therefore, I love the Prophet, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar, and I hope that I will be with them because of my love for them though my deeds are not similar to theirs. (Sahih Bukhari Book no.57, Hadith no. 37)

In the light of the above hadith, do you think we need to remodel our thinking, our ideals and the people we love??

Let’s pay a thought to this!

By the Figs and the Olives (Qur’an, 95:1)

Assalamu’Alaykum

In the previous post I have mentioned that I will be starting a series of post related to the medical and health benefits of the things that are mentioned in the Qur’an. So I decided to start with Fig and Olives.

Allah says in Surah At-teen,

[I swear] By the fig and the olive. (Qur’an 95:1)

Figs:

Figs (Ficus carica)

The biological name of fig is Ficus carica (Urdu:انجیر, Arabic:تین)

The nutritional value of Ficus Carica is given below:

  • Energy  1,041 kJ (249 kcal)
  • Carbohydrates  63.87 g
  • – Sugars                47.92 g
  • – Dietary fiber    9.8 g
  • Fat          0.93 g
  • Protein 3.30 g
  • Thiamine (vit. B1)             0.085 mg (7%)
  • Riboflavin (vit. B2)           0.082 mg (7%)
  • Niacin (vit. B3)   0.619 mg (4%)
  • Pantothenic acid (B5)     0.434 mg (9%)
  • Vitamin B6          0.106 mg (8%)
  • Folate (vit. B9)   9 μg (2%)
  • Vitamin C             1.2 mg (1%)
  • Calcium                162 mg (16%)
  • Iron        2.03 mg (16%)
  • Magnesium        68 mg (19%)
  • Phosphorus        67 mg (10%)
  • Potassium           680 mg (14%)
  • Zinc        0.55 mg (6%)

Some health benefits of Figs are as follows:

  1. Prevention and medicine for constipation (due to the presence of dietary fibers)
  2. Ca/P(Calcium to Phosphorus ration) ratio is lies as recommended by nutritionists so the patients suffering from stone formation in kidney may also use it safely
  3. Due to High potassium in fig is beneficial to patients of hypertension
  4. High potassium avoids calcium loss in urine.
  5. Good for bones.
  6. Has anti-cancerous component.
  7. Has anti-diarrheal activity
  8. Effective for diabetics
  9. Anti-oxidant activity(due to the presence of antioxidant vitamins)
  10. Anti-inflammatory action
  11. Good for eye-sight (due to the presence of Vitamin A)
  12. Good source of vitamin B-complex
  13. Results of a prospective study involving 51,823 postmenopausal women for an average of 8.3 years showed a 34% reduction in breast cancer risk for those consuming the most fruit fiber compared to those consuming the least. In addition, in the subgroup of women who had ever used hormone replacement, those consuming the most fiber, especially cereal fiber, had a 50% reduction in their risk of breast cancer compared to those consuming the least. Int J Cancer. 2008 Jan 15;122(2):403-12. (Figs contain high amount of fibers)
  14. Protection against heart diseases.
  15. Good for weight management ( due to presence of dietary fibers).
  16. Being used as aphrodisiacs.

Olives 

Olives :Olea europaea

Botanical name: Olea europaea (urdu and arabic :زیتون)

Olives have been mentioned about six times in the Holy Quran,

1) It is He Who sendeth down rain from the skies: with it We produce vegetation of all kinds: from some We produce green (crops), out of which We produce grain, heaped up (at harvest); out of the date-palm and its sheaths (or spathes) (come) clusters of dates hanging low and near: and (then there are) gardens of grapes, and olives, and pomegranates, each similar (in kind) yet different (in variety): when they begin to bear fruit, feast your eyes with the fruit and the ripeness thereof. Behold! in these things there are signs for people who believe.(6:99)

2) It is He Who produceth gardens, with trellises and without, and dates, and tilth with produce of all kinds, and olives and pomegranates, similar (in kind) and different (in variety): eat of their fruit in their season, but render the dues that are proper on the day that the harvest is gathered. But waste not by excess: for Allah loveth not the wasters. (6:141)

3) With it He produces for you corn, olives, date-palms, grapes and every kind of fruit: verily in this is a sign for those who give thought. (16:11)

4) Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The Parable of His Light is as if there were a Niche and within it a Lamp: the Lamp enclosed in Glass: the glass as it were a brilliant star: Lit from a blessed Tree, an olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil is well-nigh luminous, though fire scarce touched it: Light upon Light! Allah doth guide whom He will to His Light: Allah doth set forth Parables for men: and Allah doth know all things. (24:35)

5) And olives and Dates, (80:29)

6) By the Fig and the olive,(95:1)

Nutritional value of Olives:

  • Calories: 81                                        
  • Proteins: 0.97 g
  • Total Fat: 6.87 g
  • Fatty acids,
  • monounsaturated: 5.071 g
  • saturated: 0.909 g
  • polyunsaturated: 0.586 g
  • Carbohydrates: 5.61 g
  • Fiber: 2.5 g
  • Water: 84.34 g
  • Calcium: 94 mg
  • Iron: 3.32 mg
  • Magnesium: 4 mg
  • Phosphorus: 3 mg
  • Potassium: 9 mg
  • Sodium: 735 mg
  • Zinc: 0.22 mg
  • Copper: 0.226 mg
  • Selenium: 0.9 mcg
  • Manganese: 0.020 mg
  • Thiamin: 0.003 mg
  • Niacin: 0.022 mg
  • Pantothenic acid: 0.015 mg
  • Lutein + zeaxanthin: 510 mcg
  • Choline: 6.6 mg
  • Beta carotene: 204 mcg
  • Vitamin A: 346 IU
  • Vitamin B-6: 0.012 mg
  • Vitamin C: 1.5 mg
  • Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol): 1.65 mg
  • Vitamin K (phylloquinone): 1.4 mcg

Medical benefits of Olives:

  1. Patients of Rheumatoid arthritis showed much improvement when they used fish oil supplements in combination with olive oil.
  2. Olive oil may have a protective effect on the development of CRC (colorectal cancer)
  3. Has antihypertensive effect (lowers blood pressure)
  4. Antioxidant activity
  5. Prevents oxidative DNA damage and so has anti carcinogenic effect on cells.
  6. Protection against Breast cancer
  7. Usage of olive oil decreases the incidence of Cardiovascular diseases (due to presence of LDL)- has anti-atherogenic effects
  8. Lower incidence of stroke with the use of olive oil is observed
  9. Bactericidal activity
  10. Protection  against oxidative stress (so has anti- Aging effect)
  11. Well tolerated by stomach
  12. Provide protection for skin

P.S., The benefits of Figs and Olive[oil] mentioned above are complied from various research papers.

Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny? (Qur’an Surah Ar-Rahman)

I have been thinking of posting something pertaining to medical benefits of things that have been mentioned in the Holy Qur’an, but as I have never been able to blog regularly, that’s why I wasn’t able to write anything in this regard. Recently Brother Muqeet has also suggested me to write something regarding this. Now as I have made a resolution again to blog regularly insha’Allah, I am starting a series of post pertaining to this.

As we know that Allah is most Gracious and Merciful , He has blessed us with Islam alhamdulillah, He has created things for us to eat, to drink; created earth, sky, sun, moon, stars, and everything we need. There are hundred trillion cells in our body and all of them receiving nutrition. We don’t need to buy oxygen, we all get it for free. The blessings and bounties of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala are “infinite” we can’t count them.

Allah says in the Holy Qur’an,

And He giveth you of all that ye ask for. But if ye count the favours of Allah, never will ye be able to number them. Verily, man is given up to injustice and ingratitude. (Surah Ibrahim, chapter number: 14, verse:34)

and that,

If ye would count up the favours of Allah, never would ye be able to number them: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Nahl, Chapter number 16, verse 18)

Allah has invited many times in the Holy Qur’an to reflect upon His Creations(tafakkur). Whatever Allah has created is beneficial for us, whether we have its knowledge or not, Because our wisdom and our thinking is limited and science has yet to discover many things. So, insha’Allah we will be reflecting upon few things in upcoming posts and discovering some medical facts about them, upto the level of our limited humanly wisdom insha’Allah.

It is He who sends down rain from the sky: from it ye drink, and out of it (grows) the vegetation on which ye feed your cattle. With it He produces for you corn, olives, date-palms, grapes and every kind of fruit: verily in this is a sign for those who give thought. He has made subject to you the Night and the Day; the sun and the moon; and the stars are in subjection by His Command: verily in this are Signs for men who are wise. And the things on this earth which He has multiplied in varying colours (and qualities): verily in this is a sign for men who celebrate the praises of Allah (in gratitude). It is He Who has made the sea subject, that ye may eat thereof flesh that is fresh and tender, and that ye may extract therefrom ornaments to wear; and thou seest the ships therein that plough the waves, that ye may seek (thus) of the bounty of Allah and that ye may be grateful. (surah An-Nahl verse 10-14)

Hijab – an interesting conversation!

A conversation for Muslim sisters:

“I’m so tired.”

“Tired of what?”

“Of all these people judging me.”

“Who judged you?”

“Like that woman, every time I sit with her, she tells me to wear hijab.”

“Oh, hijab and music! The mother of all topics!”

“Yeah! I listen to music without hijab…haha!”

“Maybe she was just giving you advice.”

“I don’t need her advice. I know my religion. Can`t she mind her own
business?”

“Maybe you misunderstood. She was just being nice.”

“Keeping out of my business, that would be nice…”

“But it’s her duty to encourage you do to good.”

“Trust me. That was no encouragement. And what do you mean `good` ?”

“Well, wearing hijab, that would be a good thing to do.”

“Says who?”

“It’s in the Qur’an, isn’t it?”

“Yes. She did quote me something.”

“She said Surah Nur, and other places of the Qur’an.”

“Yes, but it’s not a big sin anyway. Helping people and praying is more
important.”

“True. But big things start with small things.”

“That’s a good point, but what you wear is not important. What’s important
is to have a good healthy heart.”

“What you wear is not important?”

“That’s what I said.”

“Then why do you spend an hour every morning fixing up?”

“What do you mean?”

“You spend money on cosmetics, not to mention all the time you spend on
fixing your hair and low-carb dieting.”

“So?”

“So, your appearance IS important.”

“No. I said wearing hijab is not an important thing in religion.”

“If it’s not an important thing in religion, why is it mentioned in the Holy
Qur’an?”

“You know I can’t follow all that’s in Qur’an.”

“You mean God tells you something to do, you disobey and then it’s OK?”

“Yes. God is forgiving.”

“God is forgiving to those who repent and do not repeat their mistakes.”

“Says who?”

“Says the same book that tells you to cover.”

“But I don’t like hijab, it limits my freedom.”

“But the lotions, lipsticks, mascara and other cosmetics set you free?!
What`s your definition of freedom anyway?”

“Freedom is in doing whatever you like to do.”

“No. Freedom is in doing the right thing, not in doing whatever we wish to do.”

“Look! I’ve seen so many people who don’t wear hijab and are nice people, and so many who wear hijab and are bad people.”

“So what? There are people who are nice to you but are alcoholic. Should we all be alcoholics? You made a stupid point.”

“I don’t want to be an extremist or a fanatic. I’m OK the way I am without hijab.”

“Then you are a secular fanatic. An extremist in disobeying God.”

“You don’t get it, if I wear hijab, who would marry me?!”

“So all these people with hijab never get married?!”

“Okay! What if I get married and my husband doesn’t like it? And wants me to remove it?”

“What if your husband wants you to go out with him on a bank robbery?!”

“That’s irrelevant, bank robbery is a crime.”

“Disobeying your Creator is not a crime?”

“But then who would hire me?”

“A company that respects people for who they are.”

“Not after 9-11”

“Yes. After 9-11. Don’t you know about Hanan who just got into med school?
And the other one, what was her name, the girl who always wore a white hijab…ummm…”

“Yasmeen?”

“Yes. Yasmeen. She just finished her MBA and is now interning for GE.”

“Why do you reduce religion to a piece of cloth anyway?”

“Why do you reduce womanhood to high heals and lipstick colors?”

“You didn’t answer my question.”

“In fact, I did. Hijab is not just a piece of cloth. It is obeying God in a difficult environment. It is courage, faith in action, and true womanhood.
But your short sleeves, tight pants…”

“That’s called `fashion`, you live in a cave or
something? First of all, hijab was founded by men who wanted to control
women.”

“Really? I did not know men could control women by hijab.”

“Yes. That’s what it is.”

“What about the women who fight their husbands to wear hijab? And women in France who are forced to remove their hijab by men? What do you say about that?”

“Well, that’s different.”

“What difference? The woman who asked you to wear hijab…she was a woman, right?”

“Right, but…”

“But fashions that are designed and promoted by male-dominated corporations, set you free? Men have no control on exposing women and using them as a commodity?! Give me a break!”

“Wait, let me finish, I was saying…”

“Saying what? You think that men control women by hijab?”

“Yes.”

“Specifically how?”

“By telling women how and what to wear, dummy!”

“Doesn’t TV, magazines and movies tell you what to wear, and how to be `attractive’?”

“Of course, it’s fashion.”

“Isn’t that control? Pressuring you to wear what they want you to wear?”

[Silence]

“Not just controlling you, but also controlling the market.”

“What do you mean?”

“I mean, you are told to look skinny and anorexic like that woman on the cover of the magazine, by men who design those magazines and sell those products.”

“I don’t get it. What does hijab have to do with products.”

“It has everything to do with that. Don’t you see? Hijab is a threat to consumerism, women who spend billions of dollars to look skinny and live by standards of fashion designed by men…and then here is Islam, saying trash all that nonsense and focus on your soul, not on your looks, and do not worry what men think of your looks.”

“Like I don’t have to buy hijab? Isn’t hijab a product?”

“Yes, it is. It is a product that sets you free from male-dominated consumerism.”

“Stop lecturing me! I WILL NOT WEAR HIJAB!
It is awkward, outdated, and totally not suitable for this society … Moreover, I am only 20 and too young to wear hijab!”

“Fine. Say that to your Lord, when you face Him on Judgment Day.”

“Fine.”

“Fine.”

[Silence]

“Shut up and I don’t want to hear more about hijab niqab schmijab Punjab!”

[Silence]

She stared at the mirror, tired of arguing with herself all this time.

Successful enough, she managed to shut the voices in her head, with her own opinions triumphant in victory on the matter, and a final modern decision accepted by the society – but rejected by the Faith:

“Yes!” – to curls on the hair – “No!” – to hijab!

“And he (/she) is indeed a failure who corrupts it [the soul]!”
[Holy Quran 91:10]

Subhana’Allah!!!

“Nay! You prefer the life of this world; While the hereafter is better and more lasting.”
[Holy Quran: 87:16-17]
“You are the best community (Ummah) raised up for (the benefit of) humanity; enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong and believing in Allah.


[Holy Quran: 3:110]

Taken from http://www.islamtomorrow.com

The ‘Isra- Night Journey and Mairaj- the Ascension

The miraculous journey of Isra and Mairaj is narrated by Allah in the Holy Quran, The starting verses of Surah Al-‘Isra opens as, 

سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي أَسْرَىٰ بِعَبْدِهِ لَيْلًا مِّنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الْأَقْصَى الَّذِي بَارَكْنَا حَوْلَهُ لِنُرِيَهُ مِنْ آيَاتِنَا ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ

Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred mosque to the farthest mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things). [Qura’an Surah ‘Isra 17:1]

One of the Hadith says that,

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: (regarding the Verse) “And We granted the vision (Ascension to the heavens “Miraj”) which We showed you (O Muhammad as an actual eye witness) but as a trial for mankind.’ (17.60): Allah’s Apostle actually saw with his own eyes the vision (all the things which were shown to him) on the night of his night journey to Jerusalem (and then to the heavens). The cursed tree which is mentioned in the Qur’an is the tree of Az-Zaqqum.  (Sahih Bukhari Book 77, Hadith number 610)

This miraculous journey is described in various Hadiths

 Narrated Malik bin Sasaa: The Prophet said, “While I was at the House in a state midway between sleep and wakefulness, (an angel recognized me) as the man lying between two men. A golden tray full of wisdom and belief was brought to me and my body was cut open from the throat to the lower part of the abdomen and then my abdomen was washed with Zam-zam water and (my heart was) filled with wisdom and belief. Al-Buraq, a white animal, smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me and I set out with Gabriel. When I reached the nearest heaven. Gabriel said to the heaven gate-keeper, ‘Open the gate.’ The gatekeeper asked, ‘Who is it?’ He said, ‘Gabriel.’ The gate-keeper,’ Who is accompanying you?’ Gabriel said, ‘Muhammad.’ The gate-keeper said, ‘Has he been called?’ Gabriel said, ‘Yes.’ Then it was said, ‘He is welcomed. What a wonderful visit his is!’ Then I met Adam and greeted him and he said, ‘You are welcomed O son and a Prophet.’ Then we ascended to the second heaven. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel said, ‘Gabriel.’ It was said, ‘Who is with you?’ He said, ‘Muhammad’ It was asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ He said, ‘Yes.’ It was said, ‘He is welcomed. What a wonderful visit his is!” Then I met Jesus and Yahya (John) who said, ‘You are welcomed, O brother and a Prophet.’ Then we ascended to the third heaven. It was asked, ‘Who is it?’ Gabriel said, ‘Gabriel.’ It was asked, ‘Who is with you? Gabriel said, ‘Muhammad.’ It was asked, ‘Has he been sent for?’ ‘Yes,’ said Gabriel. ‘He is welcomed. What a wonderful visit his is!’ (The Prophet added:). There I met Joseph and greeted him, and he replied, ‘You are welcomed, O brother and a Prophet!’ Then we ascended to the 4th heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There I met Idris and greeted him. He said, ‘You are welcomed O brother and Prophet.’ Then we ascended to the 5th heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in previous heavens. there I met and greeted Aaron who said, ‘You are welcomed O brother and a Prophet”. Then we ascended to the 6th heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There I met and greeted Moses who said, ‘You are welcomed O brother and. a Prophet.’ When I proceeded on, he started weeping and on being asked why he was weeping, he said, ‘O Lord! Followers of this youth who was sent after me will enter Paradise in greater number than my followers.’ Then we ascended to the seventh heaven and again the same questions and answers were exchanged as in the previous heavens. There I met and greeted Abraham who said, ‘You are welcomed o son and a Prophet.’ Then I was shown Al-Bait-al-Ma’mur (i.e. Allah’s House). I asked Gabriel about it and he said, This is Al Bait-ul-Ma’mur where 70,000 angels perform prayers daily and when they leave they never return to it (but always a fresh batch comes into it daily).’ Then I was shown Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. a tree in the seventh heaven) and I saw its Nabk fruits which resembled the clay jugs of Hajr (i.e. a town in Arabia), and its leaves were like the ears of elephants, and four rivers originated at its root, two of them were apparent and two were hidden. I asked Gabriel about those rivers and he said, ‘The two hidden rivers are in Paradise, and the apparent ones are the Nile and the Euphrates.’ Then fifty prayers were enjoined on me. I descended till I met Moses who asked me, ‘What have you done?’ I said, ‘Fifty prayers have been enjoined on me.’ He said, ‘I know the people better than you, because I had the hardest experience to bring Bani Israel to obedience. Your followers cannot put up with such obligation. So, return to your Lord and request Him (to reduce the number of prayers.’ I returned and requested Allah (for reduction) and He made it forty. I returned and (met Moses) and had a similar discussion, and then returned again to Allah for reduction and He made it thirty, then twenty, then ten, and then I came to Moses who repeated the same advice. Ultimately Allah reduced it to five. When I came to Moses again, he said, ‘What have you done?’ I said, ‘Allah has made it five only.’ He repeated the same advice but I said that I surrendered (to Allah’s Final Order)'” Allah’s Apostle was addressed by Allah, “I have decreed My Obligation and have reduced the burden on My slaves, and I shall reward a single good deed as if it were ten good deeds.” (Sahih Bukhari book 54, Hadith 429)

In Sahih Muslim, its mentioned as,

 It is narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: I was brought al-Buraq Who is an animal white and long, larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule, who would place his hoof a distance equal to the range of version. I mounted it and came to the Temple (Bait Maqdis in Jerusalem), then tethered it to the ring used by the prophets. I entered the mosque and prayed two rak’ahs in it, and then came out and Gabriel brought me a vessel of wine and a vessel of milk. I chose the milk, and Gabriel said: You have chosen the natural thing. Then he took me to heaven. Gabriel then asked the (gate of heaven) to be opened and he was asked who he was. He replied: Gabriel. He was again asked: Who is with you? He (Gabriel) said: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? Gabriel replied: He has indeed been sent for. And (the door of the heaven) was opened for us and lo! we saw Adam. He welcomed me and prayed for my good. Then we ascended to the second heaven. Gabriel (peace be upon him) (asked the door of heaven to be opened), and he was asked who he was. He answered: Gabriel; and was again asked: Who is with you? He replied: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. The gate was opened. When I entered ‘Isa b. Maryam and Yahya b. Zakariya (peace be upon both of them), cousins from the maternal side. welcomed me and prayed for my good Then I was taken to the third heaven and Gabriel asked for the opening (of the door). He was asked: Who are you? He replied: Gabriel. He was (again) asked: Who is with you? He replied Muhammad (may peace be upon him). It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and I saw Yusuf (peace of Allah be upon him) who had been given half of (world) beauty. He welcomed me prayed for my well-being. Then he ascended with us to the fourth heaven. Gabriel (peace be upon him) asked for the (gate) to be opened, and it was said: Who is he? He replied: Gabriel. It was (again) said: Who is with you? He said: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. The (gate) was opened for us, and lo! Idris was there. He welcomed me and prayed for my well-being (About him) Allah, the Exalted and the Glorious, has said:” We elevated him (Idris) to the exalted position” (Qur’an 19:57 وَرَفَعْنَاهُ مَكَانًا عَلِيًّا ). Then he ascended with us to the fifth heaven and Gabriel asked for the (gate) to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He replied Gabriel. It was (again) said: Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad. It was said Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and then I was with Harun (Aaron-peace of Allah be upon him). He welcomed me prayed for my well-being. Then I was taken to the sixth heaven. Gabriel (peace be upon him) asked for the door to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He replied: Gabriel. It was said: Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and there I was with Musa (Moses peace be upon him) He welcomed me and prayed for my well-being. Then I was taken up to the seventh heaven. Gabriel asked the (gate) to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He said: Gabriel It was said. Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad (may peace be upon him.) It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and there I found Ibrahim (Abraham peace be upon him) reclining against the Bait-ul-Ma’mur and there enter into it seventy thousand angels every day, never to visit (this place) again. Then I was taken to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha whose leaves were like elephant ears and its fruit like big earthenware vessels. And when it was covered by the Command of Allah, it underwent such a change that none amongst the creation has the power to praise its beauty. Then Allah revealed to me a revelation and He made obligatory for me fifty prayers every day and night. Then I went down to Moses (peace be upon him) and he said: What has your Lord enjoined upon your Ummah? I said: Fifty prayers. He said: Return to thy Lord and beg for reduction (in the number of prayers), for your community shallnot be able to bear this burden. as I have put to test the children of Isra’il and tried them (and found them too weak to bear such a heavy burden). He (the Holy Prophet) said: I went back to my Lord and said: My Lord, make things lighter for my Ummah. (The Lord) reduced five prayers for me. I went down to Moses and said. (The Lord) reduced five (prayers) for me, He said: Verily thy Ummah shall not be able to bear this burden; return to thy Lord and ask Him to make things lighter. I then kept going back and forth between my Lord Blessed and Exalted and Moses, till He said: There are five prayers every day and night. O Muhammad, each being credited as ten, so that makes fifty prayers. He who intends to do a good deed and does not do it will have a good deed recorded for him; and if he does it, it will be recorded for him as ten; whereas he who intends to do an evil deed and does not do, it will not be recorded for him; and if he does it, only one evil deed will be recorded. I then came down and when I came to Moses and informed him, he said: Go back to thy Lord and ask Him to make things lighter. Upon this the Messenger of Allah remarked: I returned to my Lord until I felt ashamed before Him. ( Sahih Muslim Book no. 1, Hadith 309)

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was also shown many scenes of Heaven and Hell at this occasion.

Things that were given on this night:

It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah (b. Umar) that when the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was taken for the Night journey, he was taken to sidrat-ul-Muntaha, which is situated on the sixth heaven, where terminates everything that ascends from the earth and is held there, and where terminates every- thing that descends from above it and is held there. (It is with reference to this that) Allah said:” When that which covers covered the lote-tree” (al-Qur’an, Iiii. 16). He (the narrator) said: (It was) gold moths. He (the narrator further) said: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was given three (things): he was given five prayers, he was given the concluding verses of Sura al-Baqara, and remission of serious Sins for those among his Ummah who associate not anything with Allah  (Book 1, Hadith 329)

The Miraculous event of ‘Isra i.e. the journey from Masjid ul Haraam to Masjid ul Aqsa and Mairaj i.e. The ascension indicates the greatness of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him). Another thing which I would like to mention here is the virtues of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique. When he was told about this miraculous journey, he immediately testified this, upon which he received the title of “As-Siddique” because of how strongly he believed all what the Prophet said.

The main purpose of this Post is to refresh our Iman and to counteract the attacks of non-Muslims via our great and endless power of Imaan. Our Holy Book Quran is itself a great Miracle by Allah Subhanahu Wa ta’la. Let’s recognize the main purpose of our creation rather than becoming puppets at the hands of Satan who is our vowed enemy.
May Allah guide us all to the true path…Ameen